The Rodriguez Effect

3-Singersongwriter-Sixto-Rodriguez-from-SEARCHING-FOR-SUGAR-MAN-directed-by-Malik-Bendjelloul.-Courtesy-of-Red-Box-Films-Passion-Pictures.The Rodriguez Effect is what happens when an artist has a marketable sound, yet fails to generate commercial success because corporate and cultural tastes lag behind the musical vision of artist, and as such are given scant media exposure, hype, PR, Financial Investment and Press. Only to be “rediscovered” 40 years later to the resounding lament and bewilderment of record executives, popular presses and audiences: “What were we thinking!? How did we miss his albums back then?!”
That’s the Rodriguez Effect, as so named after…
Sixto Rodriguez.  An American folk musician whose 1970′s albums sold more copies than Elvis Presley in South Africa.  But yet his albums were virtually unknown to Americans until he was the subject of a 2012 documentary called “Searching for Sugarman.” This is a story about how Rodriguez’s musical sound is overlooked because the 1970′s corporate and cultural tastes were seeking a different kind of sound only to be “rediscovered” 40 years later to the resounding lament and bewilderment of record executives and the popular presses: “What were we thinking!? How did we miss his albums back then?!”  Quickly booked on The Tonight Show and Late Night with David Letterman, Rodriguez now plays sold out shows throughout the US and Internationally.

The same process can be seen in other obscure bands that in their day failed to generate “commercial success” but 20 years later are “rediscovered” as revolutionary. My Blood Valentine, The Velvet Underground, Joy Divison…

The Blind Spot Giver

give12x8_originalAre you unwittingly creating cynicism and distrust among the people in your life?  Here is a very common behavior that contributes to less trusting relationships in your life.

The Blind Spot Giver

Do you give and give and give to others, only to feel like no one notices? Oh sure, you do not give in order to receive something in return (at least not in the moment).  But, when you need something from others that you feel you have given much to, you do not hesitate to bring up all the ways you have helped them.

Ok.  Maybe you don’t actually tell others that they “owe” you, but you certainly feel that way. And it shows every time you passively comment about how much you have given to others.  Or, if you do not comment about how much you have given, it shows in the “huff” and “disappointment” you display when others do not want to help you, go to your party, or give you the precious time that you feel you have given them in spades. (Expressed passive aggressively, of course).

This creates a cynicism and distrust in the relationship in your life because, though you may not express how you feel, it is sensed.  In fact, did you know that if you are a “blind spot giver” some people hang out with you only because they fear feeling the guilt of your unspoken accusations? They do not actively choose to be with you because its fun for them to do so, but because they feel a sense of obligation.

This creates a more cynical world because it makes it difficult for someone to ascertain when a good deed is just a good deed, or a deed with strings attached.  A good hearted person will have to second guess the motives of any act of kindness that comes their way.

Why does this behavior happen? I have no clue.  But how different would the experience of giving be for a “blind spot giver” if they were convinced, deep down into their very bones, of just how much life has given them?  What if they felt in every moment of their waking life a REAL and deep sense of gratitude for how much they have already been given?

Never say about anything, “I lost it,”
but “I gave it back.”
Did the child die? It was given back.
Did the woman die? She was given back.
“The farm was taken away.” So this also was given back.
“But the one taking it away was bad.”
What do you care by whom the giver took it back?

–Epictetus

The Real Meaning of “The Real Meaning of MPH”

You may not remember this, or maybe you do.  But a couple years back before EVERYONE had a viral video, one of the firsts was this gem! The Real Meaning of MPH. Give it a watch and then I’ll share something very important in this video you may have never considered.

First off let me concede that it is a funny video.  And her reasoning is funny.  And that 80MPH means that, all things considered, it will take you more or less one hour to go 80 miles if you are driving at 80mph.  That is a mathematical proven “fact.”

Now, let me defend the fuck out of her.   Because honestly this video really speaks to something much deeper than it would seem, namely ETHICS.  In particular, I mean the ability to have empathy for those whose minds work differently when faced with what seem like “obvious” answers to the rest of us.  Yes.  I get it.  It’s a joke.  Someone asks: “Driving 80MPH, how long will it take to drive 80 miles?” I laughed just as much as everyone else.  It’s good stuff to watch when taking a break from working.

But how does someone misunderstand this question? Seriously? How does that happen?

We have all been dooped at some point by some cleverly designed riddle or language gag, like this one:

A plane flying from the US to Canada crashes, all of its passengers were Mexican. Where do you bury the survivors?

Or this one:

You have two coins that add up to .35 cents and one of them is not a quarter. What coins do you have?

Or even this one:

If you take two apples from three apples how many apples do you have?

…and yes, this one:

Do they have a fourth of July in Europe?

When we fall prey to these its because our focus and awareness is not on the words themselves but rather we are quite “mindlessly” riding out the expectations, assumptions, and habits that anticipate the “form” of the typical meanings of words, of question, of the riddle, the statement, etc.

Something like this happens to our girl, here.  Her awareness is not on the words.  In fact, even when she hears “80. miles. per. hour.”  she hears 80-miles-per-hour (with hypens), that is, not as discrete words but as a whole unit of meaning.  A whole concept is being associated with something other than the meaning intended by her husband.  In that moment, “80 miles per hour” is being understood simply as the very typical way we speak of mileage in general and NOT in the mathematical meanings for which each word stands.

Her inability to align her frame of reference with his frame of reference (and by implication the whole audience’s frame of reference who shares the husband’s frame) is what makes this video funny.

But why should we be laughing here? Why is HIS frame of reference the privileged reference? Why is it accepted as the “right reference”?  Why is she a “fool?” Why is she now found to be living out the stereotype of the “dumb blonde?”  Why is her unique way of thinking and reasoning discounted as a “joke,” or as something to “laugh at,” or taken not seriously? After all, they arrive at similar conclusions, more or less, and yet why do we we feel justified in laughing at her?

This is ultimately an ethical issue.  Here is how.  I read an essay by James Crosswhite.  He began the essay telling the story of “Sissy Jupe,” from Charles Dickens book Hard Times.  He writes:

In Charles Dickens’s Hard Times, Sissy Jupe lives in “faith and hope,” moods her teachers Interpret to be the cause of her “wretched ignorance,” wretched because it falls short of the “superior comfort” of knowing.

Sissy agrees with this interpretation: “I am so stupid,” she says. This stupidity is real, not willful. As Sissy says, “I make mistakes … I can’t help them. They seem to come natural to me.” She understands all too clearly the degree to which this makes her different from her teachers, who as she says “know everything.”

Her friend Louisa doesn’t believe Sissy is really stupid, and tries to talk her out of this self-interpretation. But Sissy offers evidence for her: three examples of mistakes that come naturally to her. The third mistake she describes is, as she says, her “greatest error.” The question is posed by her teacher: “. . . in a given time, a hundred thousand persons went to sea on long voyages, and only 500 of them were drowned or burnt to death. What is the percentage?” Sissy’s answer is: “nothing.” When pressed to say more, she explains: “Nothing . . . nothing to the relations and friends of the people who were killed.” And in tears she concludes: “I shall never learn . . . even though I am anxious to learn.”

What is the cause of Sissy’s incapacity? I suggest it is a constellation of her basic moods. It is her essential, and to some degree uncontrollable, capacity to be affected by the suffering of others, which makes her incapable of the abstract rationality her teachers demand. The percentage is quite literally nothing to her; it doesn’t matter one way or another.

The girl in the video is our modern day Sissy Jupe.  She is thought “wretchedly ignorant” and judge by others with “superior knowledge.” The numbers mean nothing to her.  Nothing.  But, the REAL world of sunsets, run times, and distance does.

Seriously, let’s really look at who we should be laughing at.  Let’s really look at the two different “interpretive frameworks” at work here between these two people, and lets really determine who is in the “right” (For more on “interpretive frameworks” read Micheal Polyani’s The Tacit Dimension and Personal Knowledge).  We will see that really the opposite should be the case. We should be laughing at the guy, or more specifically, pitying him for his inability to think for himself and actually be at all aware of reality.

Let’s imagine each of these people as two scientific researchers attempting to solve the problem of distance. 

Researcher # 1

He relies on his understanding of mathematical meanings.  He was taught this.  Good for him.  His interpretive framework, as Polanyi observed, is based on “tacit forms of knowledge” that are learned in part not by perception, but by example and practice.  This background knowledge colors, uncritically, this researcher’s sheer understanding of how to solve the problem. He “sees” the problem mathematically because he is trained to do so.  He is able to do, and hence know as such, what he was trained to do and know — work out a basic formula of distance.  He deserves a cookie.  He did not originally invent a way of thinking about distance.  Nope. Doesn’t need to.  There is math for that.  He can be a lazy ass.  He can just think the same as others, feed at the socially acceptable trough of mathematical meanings.  This requires no real, creative thought…just mimicry and bloating. Do what is consensually known as the formula for distance…follow the steps. Be a robot.

And yet, he seems so smug, so assured, in his well-meaning, but also deprecating humor. He has no shame.  In fact, he’s kinda “proud.”  It’s as if there is the following vibe to his presence: “Silly girl, you don’t get what I get.  I am superior to your ways of knowing because I know the truth…you fool. Let me film this because this is just too good not to share or re-watch. hahahaha.”

Researcher #2

Like researcher #1 her interpretive framework is based on a tacit knowledge learned not by perception but by example and practice.  And also like researcher #1 this colors, uncritically, the researchers sheer understanding of how to solve the distance problem.  But unlike the first lazy researcher she does not rely on a formula.  In fact, her mind never even thought of going in that direction.  No. She would much rather OWN the problem, intimately.  She takes this problem on upon herself, rather than shirk the weight of the problem upon some abstract formula that other people wrote and really has no material content.  Her first move and very wise one is to try and relate the problem to the “examples and practice” that are more immediate and concrete in her own life. She gives the problem “Life.”  She tries to relate it to her practice of running.

She gathers evidence, as any good researcher would, that is grounded in a very real, heart pounding, breath taking, muscle taxing, personal experience of movement and time. And this is to say nothing about the evanescent associations of the feelings of runner’s high, the amazing sunsets, and the pride of a run all standing as auxiliary meanings in the background of her mental thought experiments on this distance problem.  This researcher’s evidence is actually “grounded” in the real world adversity of physical effort, of pain, and joys of the run.  She relies not on abstract formula that at best can only be a very lifeless approximation, and starts her experiment based only on that which she observes and experiences.  That’s very scientific, actually. VERY SCIENTIFIC.

Taking her observations she then reasons by analogy, attempting to account for variability such as the size of tires and the fact that, just like on a run, times are only estimates and NOT literal facts.  Sure the tire size makes no difference, but she is in the process of creating an idea.  It’s trial and error, and you can see her struggling to make the connections.  This researcher knows the car is, like a run, after all, still driven by a human being whose force upon the gas pedal, traffic, and terrain, in part, will set the pace.  Her final estimate?

58mins.  Not bad.

This is not only a much more real estimate, but a much more original one. Sure, she could’ve just said and done what others have said and done and apply a mathematical formula, and that would be “accurate,” or she could do what she did and provide a different way of looking at distance.  All advances are matters of renewing perceptual worlds and science (with mathematics) has always assisted with this.  She’s a good researcher.  In starting with observation and moving to conclusion, she included the human aspect to her answer.  She moves from observations to conclusions rather than from some method to conclusion.  In jumping to the use of a formula, researcher #1 has provided us the results of a calculation, but nothing about the feeling, the sense, of the real world for which such calculations would at all matter.

We Laugh Because We Believe Math as Truth & Are Highly Supportive of the Comfort of Conformity

I believe that we laugh at her struggles because at root we feel we are “right.”  We believe we have superior knowledge to hers (i.e., a Hobbseian “Superiority Theory of Humor”).  And that “superiority” is rooted in our uncritical acceptance of the mathematical meanings of “80. miles. per. hour.” We believe those to be unquestionably literal meanings of what are at root only arbitrary meanings of these words.  (Yes. “arbitrary meanings” 80mph is NOT 80. Miles. Per. Hour.  Look, if we could not conceptually shift between both the mathematical meanings and the idiosyncratic meanings of 80mph, then we would probably never laugh at the sheer misunderstanding we see in the video. The FACT that we laugh is PROOF of multiple layers of meanings, and each meaning just as important and necessary  for this whole video to be viral). Its our knowledge of multiple ways of interpretation of 80mph that give this video any chance of being funny.  80mph is NOT a fact.  Without uncritically interpreting 80mph as TRUTH, as a “superior knowing,” then there is nothing to laugh about here.

We need more people like her. People who are present with REALITY rather than present to abstract modes of thought.  We need more people who can look beyond the group consensus and think originally…people who are willing to OWN their beliefs, even if they are not consciously aware of doing so.  But we also need people who choose their beliefs with consciousness and awareness of the world you are creating in the process of knowing the world in terms of that system of belief.  We need more people who LOOK around life and explore it intimately, not solely with number and method.  In the end, when need people who approach life with wonder and questioning, with the ability to be aware of how even the most obvious things are not “true,” but social consensus. We need this not so much to change things, but to appreciate what is the uniquely human and what is beautifully natural…rather than laugh at it disparagingly.

 

 

You Don’t Know Me

10035In his book, The Transcendence of the Ego, Jean Paul Sartre writes: “My I, in effect, is no more certain for consciousness than the I of other men.  It is only more intimate.”

Let that sink in for a moment.

Among other things, Sartre is telling us that we cannot claim to have any special knowledge of ourselves in the sense of being unbiased knowledge.  We do in moments of reflecting on ourselves, however, have a more intimate awareness of what is going on for us.

But that is just it: “what is going on for us.”  That “us” is an imagined relationship between yourself with yourself. This is what makes any unbiased view of ourselves an impossibility.  We do not have an objective perspective on who we are or what we are up to in life, but we do feel we have a very close and intimate relationship, and hence knowledge of, ourselves.

So how can we use this information to help us in someway to achieve a better life, a better world, or a better mood?

For Sartre, there is no “self.”  You do not exist as some kind of finished thing, the way a chair or a rock might be said to exist.  You are existing, as in with an “ing.”  You are, if you are alive, always an unfinished process in the making. You are a verb, an event, a party, a festival on two legs.  This is freedom.

For Sartre, we often forget this because this “freedom” means being of “our own making” and this creates so much inner anxiety that we choose to imagine ourselves as mere things whose moods, motivations, desires, are pushed and swayed by external events.  We find it hard to live with the full weight and knowledge that we choose what we value, our attitudes, our beliefs, and even our moods.  We live, in short, by a dependence on “external” factors we deem as powerful influences upon our lives, often viewing events and other people as causes of our experiences of life.

With so much at stake in hiding from our freedom, is it any wonder we get annoyed and defensive when someone attempts to pull off the cozy veil and show us how we have defaulted ourselves?  Those who would remind us that we do not know ourselves as well as we think are seen as rude and inappropriate. Today I hear “don’t judge me” and “you don’t know me” as two of the most popular cliches in everyday talk when someone is told some “truth” about themselves that they do not agree with.

Look, there is no “truth” in anyone’s opinions about you.  You are, as Sartre says, an unfinished project and thus to name or label a person or to uncritically react to those names or labels is really more like reacting to what you are not rather than what you “are.”  But nonetheless, ever notice that when it comes down to it, if you like the opinions people have of you, then you’ll experience their opinions of you as truthful and may even feel warm and fuzzy in their company.  If you dislike the opinions people express about you, then you’ll experience their opinions of you as false and feel a need to call them names or defend yourself.  Being so invested in hiding from yourself, you’re more likely to connect with those who can keep you in your comfortable bubble and avoid those who challenge that comfort.

If you believe, as I do, that knowing yourself is vital to maximizing your life and living towards that life you want, then wouldn’t you want to have some outside, unbiased, view of what you are REALLY up to?

Have you ever expressed wanting a fulfilling life, a life of excitement, deep love, amazing friends, and great success? Have you ever expressed this desire either to yourself or others? And have you ever felt frustrated at the current lack of that kind of meaning in your life? Have you felt stuck on how to get there? Have you ever felt uncertain that this wonderful life you aspire to will ever come true?  Have you ever felt the disconnect between what you want and your current experience of life?  If Sartre is right, then its not more self knowledge that will help move you forward.

As you turn inward to figure out why you are stuck, or what is holding you back, or what is going wrong for you, do not let the fact that you have a close and intimate knowledge of those explanations and justifications fool you into thinking you actually KNOW what is going on for you.  You likely do not know.

Maybe this is what the great writer Antoine de St. Exupery meant when he wrote something like, “if you seek to understand people, begin by never listening to them.”

So What Do You Do?

Luckily…There is a way to cultivate a more “unbiased” view of yourself.  Really simple: You look at your actions. Look at what you actually do as opposed to what you might think you are doing, the ideas you have of your motives, and the beliefs about why you do what you do.

Say you want more excitement in your life.  And there you are at a local coffee shop, sitting at a table reading.  In walks one of the most attractive women you have ever seen.  Do you walk up to her and ask her how here day is going and see if she is someone you would like to learn more about? Or do you do something more safe and just admire her from afar while you inwardly beat yourself up for not taking action?  What would you have done if you were REALLY committed to bringing more excitement in your life?

Say it’s 8pm and you get a call from a friend inviting you on a late roadtrip that leaves within an hour.  But you have just settled in for the evening, just about to sit down to watch your favorite show and eat an amazing spaghetti you just finished preparing. Do you pack up your things and go, or do you take a more comforting path and politely decline?  What would you have done if you were REALLY committed to bringing more excitement in your life?

Your actions…that’s the stuff.  Your actions, not your thoughts or the explanations you know so intimately are the key to knowing what is going on for you.  It is a subtle shift in focus that can make you aware of a more primal form of self-knowledge than focusing only on the knowledge of your biased thoughts.

There are other things you can do to get more “unbiased” too.  What if you developed friendships with people who also are in to assessing their lives in terms of what they DO rather than what they know, can explain, or justify about their lives? What if you had a community of people for whom being open and honest was an absolute necessity?  What if you had friends you trust to really and truly open yourself to and can thus welcome the criticisms of others, feeling not defensive but thankful for gaining insight into areas of your life that you are perhaps too close to see clearly? What if instead of seeking out friendships with others that reaffirm the nice socially acceptable avatar you have crafted, you seek out those who can call you out on your own bullshit, or when you have failed to live up to your own freedom?

In the end, it seems Sartre is able to help us see the difference between being focused on our thoughts as opposed to being focused on our actions.  One pathway is by nature an inefficient one because a turn inward can only give you more information about yourself, from within yourself.  This is hardly a very efficient way to really know what is going on for you.  The other pathway allows for you to measure your own self-talk about what you think is going on for you and what you desire against your own actions of what you actually do.

 

 

What I Did When I Felt Like Shit

FacebookPost19I couldn’t shake this feeling.  Like I was just, “off.”  I felt tired, listless, but also anxious and worried.  I knew I had things to get done, especially writing a draft of one of my dissertation chapters.  I’ll be heading out to Venice Beach soon for some much needed rest.  But if I do not finish a draft of this chapter before then, that’s really going to cut in to my ability to feel relaxation.  And yet, knowing all of what is on the line if I choose not to work, I could not get motivated.

At times I felt overwhelmed by the sheer amount of work that lay ahead that I would simply not even try to get started.  I could not make sense of this.  To make matters worse, I caught a cold mid week.  The timing of this was the worst.  I had actually just begun a new visualization meditation practice that had brought me into a very focused state.  And then…bam! Runny nose, itchy throat, fatigue.  I chose to sleep, to rest, rather than continue to try to work.

After fighting off my cold in record time through meditation and rest, I still could not regain that focus I had just prior to getting sick.  I spent the rest of the week in a funk.  If there was a scale between 1 – 10 that measures feeling “alive” and “present,” I was hovering right at 0.  This funk affected every area of my life.  I could not enjoy the company of friends.  I was easily annoyed by strangers.  I just lay around on my couch working halfheartedly on other projects that were “easier.”  I could not feel any kind of connection to the greater vision and purpose to which I have set my life. I felt just numbly “there,” without fire, without heart.

How did I get here? Well, to answer this question for myself, I took a good honest look at my actions not my thoughts or ideas about what was the “cause” of this funk.  I just looked at what I was DOING.

I noticed that I simply stopped taking action.  By not working on my draft I became preoccupied with thoughts about what I needed to get done. It zapped my emotional energy and I did not even notice it.  Moreover, because I was not taking any kind of purposeful action towards a singularly important project, I felt completely without direction.  It’s hard to know where you are if you are not moving in any one particular direction.

How do I know that not taking action was the source of this “funk”?

Simple: I took action.

Today I began working on the draft of my chapter once more.  Almost instantaneously, I could feel a renewed focus.  And after writing for the day (I only wrote for about 2 hrs), I began to feel an energy, an inertia that instantly put me back on track.  I felt together.  I felt present.  And, most importantly, I felt a sense of renewed purpose.

One of the things I’ve learned from this experience is that waiting to “feel right” before taking action is a highly inefficient way to approach motivation.  Motivation does not happen when you feel good, but is like a fire that builds up only through action.  I also learn that this feeling of “funkiness,” of listlessness, of directionlessness, is a signal or signpost that I must do “what needs to be done.”  Like the great Japanese psychotherapy school of Morita, “doing what needs to be done” is a pathway towards renewed purpose and selfhood.

There is of course much, much more that makes action a productive solution for me, like having a very clear idea about how I want to be in my world, what is at the core of my desires, as well as having the ability to train my focus on the process of my journey rather than its outcomes.  But those living ninjitsu skills have taken a little over three years to cultivate…

When I feel like shit, its a sign I am not doing what needs to be done and THAT is exactly what I need to do to regain my focus and purpose.